Activity 2: Railway & Road
The book 'Roads and Tracks' describes how in the 1800s the coming of the railways often changed the layout of roads - and how in the late 1900s, roads were sometimes built on the tracks of railways.
The way the coming of the railways changed the roads is shown by using this overlay map. Click on the map to choose the satellite image. It is an image provided by Google; it shows the area around the Norfolk village of Southrepps. The satellite image was taken about two years ago. Identitfy the lline of the railway on the map.
You can click on the Faden map buttons to overlay the satellite image with the map William Faden made of the area in 1797. He and his surveyors had worked to produce the first reasonably accurate map of the county - well before railways were built. The section of track that appears on the satellite image was built in 1877. Using the two versions of the overlay, you can see which roads were changed because of the building of the railway.
Note: Faden's map, whilst generally accurate, does not have the precision of modern mapping, so can be used for general rather than detailed conclusions. For instance, whilst it has been georegistered to sit on top of the satellite image through a series of key points, roads may not have registered to follow precisely the correct line. However, if a road no longer exists in close proximity to a modern road, then it is reasonable to conclude that it no longer exists on the ground and if the line is broken by the railway, then the building of the railway caused the change.